Title: Urban sensing using mobile phone network data
Over the past decade the development of digital networks and operations has produced an unprecedented wealth of information reflecting various aspects of urban life. These accumulations of digital traces are valuable sources of data in capturing the pulse of the city in an astonishing degree of temporal and spatial detail, and could be used to make urban systems more efficient.
In this framework, telecom operators gather massive amount of data about how their users interact or occupy the city’s infrastructure. Several telecom operators have recently started to experiment with new business models in which they would generate revenues not only from their final customers (mobile phone users) but also from upstream customers such as traffic analysis, social networking and advertising companies. As a result, they are sharing aggregate mobile data with various research communities.
During the lecture I aim to outline some examples of data that can be collected from telecommunication networks, and consider their strengths and weaknesses in terms of accuracy, level of details, and applications that could be leveraging them.
Moreover, I aim at introducing techniques for dealing with anonymity, limitations in granularity in both space and time, and pre-processing of mobile phone network data to infer patterns related to human activities in the city. Each of these techniques will be described in terms of assumptions and limitations, and will be illustrated with a running example using real telecommunication dataset. Finally, I aim to provide an overview of the challenges currently being faced in this field.
Francesco Calabrese is an Advisory Research Staff Member at the IBM Research – Ireland center in Dublin, Ireland.
Francesco manages the Smarter Urban Dynamics group, focusing on developing analytics and tools to better understand and optimize the urban dynamics.
His research interests include ubiquitous computing, intelligent transportation systems, urban network analysis and the design of distributed control systems.
Title: Settlements, urbanization and spatial networks.
The lesson explores some basic concepts on cities as complex system. We will focus then on how to measure the urban form with the help of complex network analysis. Theoretical problems as well as main findings will be illustrated with case studies. Finally we will see how to enlarge those methodologies to the study of the broad urbanization problems merging together complex networks and the geoscience.
Emanuele is a PhD student at LASIG, Laboratory of Geographic Information Systems at the EPFL, Lausanne. He is an Architect graduated at Polytechnic of Milan and University of Strathclyde in Glasgow.
His main scientific focus is on understanding processes of urbanization over time and their relation with land use change and the population. His methodological framework includes different approaches including complex networks, remote sensing, urban theory and human geography.
Title: Structure and dynamical properties of complex networks
The lectures will be an introduction in the world of Complex Networks. The basic structural properties of these systems and their effects on dynamical processes will be presented. The goal is to provide a general prospective on the subject as well as a set of mathematical and computational tecniques for their analysis.
Nicola Perra is currently a Post-Doctoral Research Associate in the Mobs lab at Northeastern University. He will be appointed as Research Professor in the same institution from August 2012. His research activity focuses on mathematical and computational modeling of dynamical processes on Complex Networks, human behavior and human dynamics. In particular he is involved in the study of centrality measures in large networks, detailed epidemic modeling in structure populations, behavioral changes in populations due to the spreading of infectious diseases, diffusion processes in static and dynamical networks and theoretical aspects of the modeling of infectious diseases in networks and graph theory.
Title: Pervasive Computing and the Real-Time City
The presentation will be a summary of the work of the SENSEable City Lab, looking at how pervasive digital technologies are playing an increasing role in our understanding and interpretation of the urban environment. The trend towards location-based, distributed information infrastructures throughout cities will be described through the lens of our labs past and current projects. This presentation aims to inspire a re-examination the countless interfaces between people, information and the physical space around them.
Eric Baczuk is currently the GE Research Fellow at MIT’s SENSEable City Lab. His research is focused on bringing sustainability to the marketplace, empowering communities through ground-up organizational processes and fostering cultures of innovation and entrepreneurialism. His work at the lab, in partnership with General Electric, ranges from the development of a rapidly deployable, urban-scale sensor network, aimed to improve access to water infrastructure in Rio de Janeiro, to the analysis and mapping of health data across the United States.
Title: Wayfinding in the city.
Wayfinding is a discipline which is recently getting more and more attentions by designers. The growing complexity of the cities made their navigation pretty complicated, sometimes too hard; people needs tools to understand spaces, and make decisions within it. The class will investigate different forms of wayfinding, starting from psychologic issues such as mental maps to end with several examples of wayfinding systems, from analogic to digital solutions. The goal is to provide with a general overview on wayfinding and on its different aspects, affecting our city-experience.
2. The images of the (divided) city.
The rapid evolution of digital cartography has made the knowledge of the world an every-day real-time experience. Nowadays, cities, territories and activities no longer have secrets. However, more and more people have very little knowledge of the world. Maps are losing the symbolic power that they used to have in the past: although extremely accurate, they seem to fail in visualizing meaning; ‘sense’.
The class will explore the history of cartography with a special attention to the relation between the city and its representation, and a recent project on “Jerusalem Digital Fingerprints” will be presented.
Born in 1981, after a MA in Graphic Design with a thesis about the new Damascus sign system (Syria), Luigi moved to Amsterdam to join Bureau Mijksenaar, where he specialized in wayfinding design. Back in Italy he got a PhD in Design at Politecnico, with a research on history of cartography and on the images of the city. Luigi worked with Studio FM Milano and he currently teaches Information Design and Wayfinding at Scuola Politecnica di Design of Milan, and works as a wayfinding consultant.
Title: From the cell to the galaxy, interface for urban life and protein interaction.
Today the digital revolution is layering a vast system of cameras, communication devices, microcontrollers and sensors over our environment, enabling entirely new ways to image, monitor, and understand our behavior. We are hopelessly that are surrounded by complicated systems, from the society, whose seamless Functioning Requires Cooperation Between billions of individuals, to integrated communications Infrastructures That billions of cell phones with computers and satellites. Our ability to reason and comprehend the world around us is guaranteed by the coherent activity of billions of neurons in our brain. Existence is rooted in our very seamless interactions Between Thousands of genes and metabolites within our cells. These systems are collectively called complex systems.
The capacity to collect and analyze massive amounts of data has transformed such fields as biology, physics, social science, and urban planning. How can we develop interfaces in complex systems? Can we have a real-time detailed digital map of complex systems that helps us better understand the world and our city?
My research is in the field of interaction design / computer graphics / information visualization, with a focus on social-spatial-temporal data visualization and interaction, network dynamics visualization and interaction, and visual storytelling. Currently, I’m an assistant research professor and a leader of research in visualize complex network in the Center for Complex Network Research.
My PhD research was born out of collaboration between the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Politecnico di Milano University. During this work I investigated Urban Interaction Design (UID), which was part of a larger initiative of the Senseable City Lab, Urban Networks and Society, which studies patterns in the dynamics of cities. By analyzing the structure of social networks inferred from telecommunication data overlaid onto physical space, my works follows a computational approach to derive models of how cities emerge, expand, interact and evolve over time. In my work I build the digital layer, focused on the use of information coming from the real world in real time, on the development of interfaces capable of communicating the invisible layer of digital information we produce.
Title: Un ville intelligente… et son rapport ave l’eau.
“Vianello è sempre oltre il presente. Mostra il paesaggio del futuro” – Luca de Biase (Direttore scientifico presso Digital Accademia, chairman presso Fondazione Ahref, editor – Nòva24 Sole 24 Ore presso Il Sole 24 Ore).
Nella Pubblica Amministrazione ho avuto deleghe al Bilancio e alla gestione del personale. In queste attività ho innovato profondamente la struttura dell’Ente pubblico ricorrendo a strumenti di IT. Ho ideato software gestionali che regolano i rapporti tra i cittadini e il Comune di Venezia, nonché l’organizzazione del personale ispirandomi a filosofie WEB 2.0.
Ho trasformato la Società Venis in operatore di ICT. Ho ideato le politiche del Comune in materia di banda larga e connettività WIFI. Tali politiche hanno consentito l’infrastrutturazione della Città di Venezia e di Mestre.
Ho ideato il portale “Cittadinanza digitale” per l’accesso gratuito ai cittadini alla rete WIFI.
Ho ideato il portale per i servizi turistici denominato “//venice>connected”.
Ho promosso gli accordi tra l’Amministrazione Comunale di Venezia e la M.I.T. di Boston e importanti Aziende ICT italiane e straniere.
Ho consolidati rapporti di collaborazione con primarie imprese di ICT quali: Microsoft, Vitrociset, Telecom Italia, Engineering, Gartner, Cisco System, Fastweb, Reti GARR, DELL, Marconi Labs. Sono il Coordinatore Naz. della Comm. ICT dell’APSTI.
Dal 2009 sono il Direttore Generale del VEGA. Ho promosso l’infrastrutturazione banda larga a 300 mb, i laboratori di ricerca e sviluppo ICT e cloud computing per favorire processi in Enterprise 2.0. Sto ideando assieme ai miei collaboratori il primo edificio intelligente: Pandora. Ho realizzato VEGA inCUBE.
Sono l’animatore di gruppi di discussione dedicati all’ ICT e alla sostenibilità ambientale.
Svolgo attività di formazione per Enti ed Associazioni.
Title: La ville face aux défis des problèmes complexes et insaisissables
Florent Joerin est professeur en orientation géomatique à la Haute Ecole d’Ingénierie et de Gestion du Canton de Vaud depuis 2011, où il enseigne notamment la gouvernance territoriale. Il était précédemment titulaire de la Chaire de recherche du Canada en aide à la décision territoriale et professeur à l’ÉSAD (École supérieure d’aménagement du territoire et de développement régional de l’Université Laval). Il dispose d’une formation d’ingénieur en génie rural et environnement de l’École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne en Suisse. Ses recherches portent sur l’utilisation de l’information géographique dans les processus décisionnels concernant l’avenir des territoires. Il s’intéresse en particulier à la prise en compte de la complexité des systèmes territoriaux ainsi qu’aux difficultés du décider ensemble. Son goût pour la recherche-action l’amène à concevoir et mettre en oeuvre des processus participatifs combinant la géomatique et l’analyse multicritère.
Title: Introduction to RESTful APIs for City Hackers
The goal of this session is to give a practical introduction to the use and design of open RESTful APIs, from the perspective of urban application designers. More and more data is becoming available, both from government databases, community services and connected devices. RESTful APIs have become the standard way to interact with this data. After introducing the core concepts of the REST architectural style, we will look at some examples and usage scenarios. We will also present some tools that can be used to easily create and consume RESTful services.
Olivier Liechti est professeur en informatique à la Haute Ecole d’Ingénierie et de Gestion du Canton de Vaud depuis 2007. Spécialiste du domaine de l’informatique ubiquitaire, il dirige depuis plusieurs années des projets liés au Web des Objets. Il s’intéresse aussi bien à la définition fonctionnelle de produits et services, qu’à leur réalisation au travers de systèmes logiciels répondant à des contraintes fortes (en termes d’échelle, de disponibilité, etc.). Avant de rejoindre la HEIG-VD, Olivier a travaillé pendant 6 ans chez Sun Microsystems, en qualité d’architecte logiciel. Olivier a obtenu un master en informatique à l’Université de Fribourg (Suisse) en 1995 et un Ph.D. à l’Université de Hiroshima (Japon) en 2000.
Title: Geovisualization – an overview
Halfway between Art and Science, cartography is used for different purposes. From the medium to the message, maps are more than storage or transmission devices, they contribute to knowledge construction. We will go through the basic principles of graphic semiology, notably used to maximize visual efficiency. Then we will quickly present how geographers can create maps using some open source tools and data, and how these maps can be used to express a specific point of view.
Daniel Rappo est professeur à la Haute Ecole d’Ingénierie et de Gestion du Canton de Vaud depuis 2000, rattaché à la filière « ingénierie des médias ». Il est licencié en géographie et en économie. Après un début de carrière académique à l’Université de Lausanne, il s’est consacré dès 1992 au développement de sociétés de services (agences web, géomarketing), pour rejoindre la HEIG-VD où il enseigne désormais différents aspects des systèmes d’information. Il est directeur adjoint de l’institut ICT et responsable du Centre des Médias Convergents au sein desquels il gère divers groupes de recherche actifs dans la production, la gestion et la publication de contenu numérique (en quelques mots clés: polypublishing, crossmedia, transmedia, webmapping, location based services, social media, mobile internet, e-learning, serious gaming).
Dominique Faesch a débuté sa carrière dans le tourisme comme guide interprète, travaillant sur des engagements à long terme au Sri-Lanka, Canada, Brésil, USA, en Inde, et pour d’autres pays moyen et long courrier.
Studying the documentation of space throughout time and across methods, we encounter a high amount of ambiguity, heterogeneity, and mostly hidden dynamics, that are hard to reconcile while targeting a coherent representation of our environment.
First we will take a look at the importance and tragedy of underlying document conventions, such as the notion of grid space and specific projection rules, that result in a hard to dissolve ambiguity. Second we will focus on the heterogeneity of documentation frequency on a number of levels, from cities, monuments within cities, to parts of single monuments as they appear in historical documents as well as in modern sources such as Flickr. In the third part of my talk, we will explore some dynamics of space documentation, such as the omnipresent process of sample and remix, that is governed by our own cognitive limitations and the heterogeneous nature of the available information. Combining humanities research with a quantitative approach inspired by the science of complex networks, the present talk hopes to spark an interesting discussion and result in further collaborations.